key takeaways

  • Currently, 38 states (plus Washington DC and Puerto Rico) offer legal sports betting in some format. There are 30 states that have online sports betting via either smartphone apps or websites. Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico also allow online betting.
  • In 2018, the Supreme Court struck down PASPA, the federal ban on sports betting. This decision allows each state to determine whether it wants to legalize sports betting within its borders.
  • Nearly every US state legislature has at least introduced a sports betting legalization bill at some point since 2018. More are expected to revisit or introduce new legislation in 2024.
  • This page monitors sports betting bills at every step through their legislative journey from introduction through passage or failure.

Online sportsbooks account for the vast majority of legal wagering on sports throughout the United States. While online betting is not new, any website or app outside Nevada that began offering sports betting inside the United States before 2018 did so illegally.

North Carolina became the 30th state to launch online sports betting, upgrading its offerings on March 11. Now, these states (and Washington, DC and Puerto Rico) have legal, regulated sports betting industries:

Arizona sports bettingYesYes
Arkansas sports bettingYesYes
Colorado sports bettingYesYes
Connecticut sports bettingYesYes
Delaware sports bettingYesYes
Florida sports bettingYesYes
Illinois sports bettingYesYes
Indiana sports bettingYesYes
Iowa sports bettingYesYes
Kansas sports bettingYesYes
Kentucky sports bettingYesYes
Louisiana sports bettingYesYes
Maine sports bettingYesNo
Maryland sports bettingYesYes
Massachusetts sports bettingYesYes
Michigan sports bettingYesYes
Mississippi sports bettingNoYes
Montana sports bettingNoYes
Nebraska sports bettingNoYes
Nevada sports bettingYesYes
New Hampshire sports bettingYesYes
New Jersey sports bettingYesYes
New Mexico sports bettingNoYes
New York sports bettingYesYes
North Carolina sports bettingYesYes
North Dakota sports bettingNoYes
Ohio sports bettingYesYes
Oregon sports bettingYesYes
Pennsylvania sports bettingYesYes
Puerto Rico sports bettingYesNo
Rhode Island sports bettingYesYes
South Dakota sports bettingNoYes
Tennessee sports bettingYesNo
Vermont sports bettingYesNo
Virginia sports bettingYesYes
Washington D.C. sports bettingYesYes
Washington sports bettingYesYes
West Virginia sports bettingYesYes
Wisconsin sports bettingYesYes
Wyoming sports bettingYesNo

In New Mexico, North Dakota, Washington, and Wisconsin, some tribes now offer sports betting under an existing Class III gaming compact.

Mississippi allows app-based sports betting but only on-site at licensed casinos. Montana offers in-person betting through lottery terminals and an app that only works in authorized Sports Bet Montana locations.

The states where there is no sports betting are Alabama, Alaska, California, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Minnesota, Missouri, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas and Utah.

Which states could legalize sports betting next?

States seeking additional sources of tax revenue and wanting to better address responsible gambling issues continue to look into sports betting legalization and regulation.

In recent years, these states examined sports betting bills but failed to get them across the finish line:

Active 2024 sports betting bills

There are now a variety of bills on file around the country and even some new laws on the books. Below is a look at current legislation by state. These states, in particular, are close to having legal online sports betting:

Online sports betting legalization timeline

The number of states with legal online sports betting grew quickly in the years after the Supreme Court struck down the federal ban on single-game wagering in 2018. There are now 30 states with online betting, and more are on the way.

Below is a list of mobile launch dates for every legal state.


Nevada becomes the first state to launch online sports betting when the STN Sports app goes live in October.


Aug. 1 – New Jersey

Dec. 27 – West Virginia


May 28 – Pennsylvania

Aug. 15 – Iowa

Sept. 4 – Rhode Island

Oct. 3 – Indiana

Oct. 16 – Oregon

Dec. 30 – New Hampshire


May 1 – Colorado

May 28 – Washington, D.C.

June 18 – Illinois

Nov. 1 – Tennessee


Jan. 21 – Virginia

Jan. 22 – Michigan

Sept. 1 – Wyoming

Sept. 9 – Arizona

Oct. 19 – Connecticut


Jan. 8 – New York

Jan. 28 – Louisiana

March 5 – Arkansas

Sept. 8 – Kansas

Nov. 23 – Maryland


Jan. 1 – Ohio

March 10 – Massachusetts

Sept. 28 – Kentucky

Nov. 3 – Maine

Nov. 7 – Florida


Jan. 3 – Delaware

Jan. 11 – Vermont

March 11 – North Carolina

How sports betting legalization laws affect athletes and coaches

There are 25 jurisdictions that explicitly prohibit an athlete or related person from betting:

Of those, four include penalties for the person betting – the others penalize the sportsbook/license holder:

Ten jurisdictions explicitly via law and/or regulation bar the use of non-public information:

Legislative live streams

Want to follow along as a sports betting bill is considered in a hearing or legislative session? Here’s a guide to all the video and audio streams for US legislatures:

StateStream 1Stream 2Stream 3
AlabamaHouse audio Senate audioSenate video
AlaskaHouse and Senate
ArizonaHouse videoSenate video
ColoradoHouse and Senate
ConnecticutHouse and Senate
DelawareHouse and Senate
FloridaHouseSenateHouse youtube
HawaiiHouse and Senate
IdahoHouse and Senate
KansasHouse and Senate
KentuckyHouse and Senate
MaineHouse and Senate
MarylandHouse and Senate
MissouriHouse and Senate
NebraskaHouse and Senate
NevadaHouse and Senate
New HampshireHouse and Senate
New Jersey
New MexicoHouse and Senate
New YorkAssembly
North CarolinaHouse and Senate
North DakotaHouse and Senate
OhioHouse and Senate
Rhode IslandHouse and Senate
South CarolinaHouseSenate
South DakotaHouse and Senate
VermontHouse and Senate
WashingtonHouse and Senate
West VirginiaHouseSenateAudio-only both
WisconsinHouse and Senate

Image credit: EQRoy /