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The Kentucky Derby is often referred to as the “most exciting two minutes in sports.”
Taking place on the first Saturday of May every year, the packed crowds at Churchill Downs get to witness tension, drama and the brilliant athleticism of both horse and jockey.
This year will see the 145th running of the race; the best thoroughbreds on the planet will aim to be in the starting field of 20 on Saturday, May 4, 2019.
This article, split into four sections, will help you gain insight into all things betting on the Kentucky Derby, as well as take a look at some of the leading contenders.
The Road to the Kentucky Derby series full of detail, while you’ll also read about the history of the race:
TVG is one of the longest running horse betting sites in the US. It started in 1993 (via telephone) and is now a subsidiary of global betting giant Betfair.
The company is behind the Television Games Network, which is a primary broadcaster of horse racing. You’ll find live streaming video along with the odds from 150 tracks. This site works on mobile devices via a responsive website design. It is legal in 32 states, with a range of easy deposit and withdrawal options available.
The primary focus of this site is betting on horse racing. As well as the major US tracks, races from around the world are covered – some 200 tracks in total.
You can also bet on greyhounds, fantasy sports contests and fantasy games, which includes entertainment and political bets. BetAmerica is accessible via a responsive website or an iOS app.
You’ll not only find thoroughbred racing coverage but harness racing and races from 300 tracks around the world too.
TwinSpries has apps for both iOS and Android devices, though you can also access it via your smartphone using its responsive website. Also, TwinSpires offers handicapping tools to help you make better selections.
In many states, you will be able to bet using specialist-pooled horse racing sites and betting apps. Examples of these include TVG, BetAmerica and Twin Spires (named after the famous twin spires of Churchill Downs itself.)
Choosing a horse betting site that is legal and has a long-standing reputation within the industry is always a good way to go. This will prove to be a better and safer choice than staking your money with any grey-market offshore site.
While both live and online legal sports betting is growing across the US, only a handful of early mover states (New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware) have — or are close to having — online betting sites.
Currently, these do not include betting on horse races. This means your alternative to the horse racing betting sites is to visit your local racecourse – or even travel to Churchill Downs for the event.
Legal horse race betting sites all are mobile device-friendly.
While the default is a browser-based version of the betting interface, you will also find apps available. You can download these onto your smartphone, giving you a stable and fast interface to place bets.
For iPhone users, the place to head to is the iTunes Store. You will find apps for TwinSpires and BetAmerica there. These apps are relatively small (58 MB) and have high ratings from their users.
If you use an Android device, then TwinSpires has you covered. You won’t find betting apps in the Google Play Store, so you must download directly from the TwinSpires website. You will need to approve this as a download from an “unknown source.”
If your favorite Kentucky Derby betting site does not offer an app, don’t worry. Websites that respond to your device’s screen size are standard these days and work perfectly for placing those bets.
There are several different ways in which you’ll be able to place a wager on the Kentucky Derby.
The first way is at Churchill Downs itself. The Kentucky Derby is the most attended horse race of the year. If you’re lucky enough to be at the track, then simply head to a teller and place your bet.
Many US tracks, aside from Churchill Downs, will also offer “simulcast wagering” on the day of the Kentucky Derby, so simply head down to your nearest track.
Head to one of many off-track betting (OTB) shops which are available in many US states. A simple online search should help you find your nearest OTB.
Perhaps the most straightforward option of all is to wager online, which is available from the majority of states within the US. Accounts with these sites (such as the sites mentioned above) are straightforward to set up and are secure. Stick with the regulated and legal sites, and you’ll be good to go.
There are six main bet types on the Kentucky Derby.
Below is the result of the 2018 Kentucky Derby, showing the respective payouts. As you can see, if you’d bet on Justify to win, you’d receive a higher payout than if you had backed the same horse to place or show. You’ll also realize how quickly the exacta, trifecta and superfecta payouts can increase.
|2nd. Good Magic||$9.20||$6.60|
As well as those more standard bets you can place on the race, there are a series of prop bets on which you can wager. Many of these are based on the race itself, e.g., wagering that the winning horse’s saddlecloth number will be an even number or wagering on the exact finishing time of the race.
However, some gambling sites will also offer a number of fun bets around the race. Good examples of these are whether it will be raining when the race starts, which celebrities will be shown on screen during the rendition of My Old Kentucky Home and whether or not particular NBC experts will correctly predict the winner of the race.
So, yes, there is something for everyone when betting on the Kentucky Derby.
It’s a few weeks before the big race, and there are still many horses considered to be in contention right now. The good news is that Kentucky Derby odds can be generous at this stage, so if you fancy an outsider who is not even certain to make the lineup, now might be the time to place that bet.
Right now, the two favorites for the race are Game Winner and Improbable, both Kentucky bred and each trained by Bob Baffert.
Last year’s Triple Crown winner, Justify, was trained by Baffert, while the Arizona-born trainer has five Kentucky Derby wins to his name already. Both Game Winner and Improbable are widely available at odds of 8/1 (+800).
If you’re looking for longer-odds outsiders, Extra Hope is a lively and exciting front-runner who is backed at odds of 50/1 (+5,000).
The Consistent Comedian, a Steve Asmussen trainee, is currently available at odds of 125/1 (+12,500) is worth more than a glance.
The history of the Kentucky Derby is quite rich. Many great names have won the Kentucky Derby in the past, with perhaps the most famous of all going on to become the winner of the Preakness Stakes and the Belmont Stakes and therefore claiming the famed Triple Crown.
The first race took place in 1875, when Aristides, ridden by Oliver Lewis and trained by Ansel Williamson, would win by a couple of lengths in front of a crowd of 10,000 people – claiming a grand prize of $2,850.
In 1915, Regret won the race, and notably in the fact that she was the first filly ever to win the race and generating a significant amount of added interest in the sport.
Only three fillies have ever won the race: Regret in 1915, Genuine Risk in 1980 and Winning Colors in 1988.
The year 1919 saw Sir Barton win the Kentucky Derby before going on to become the first horse to claim the Triple Crown.
Thirteen horses have since gone on to achieve this feat, including legendary horses such as War Admiral, Seattle Slew and Affirmed. Gallant Fox and his son, Omaha, are the only father-son duo to have both claimed the Triple Crown, both trained by James “Sunny Jim” Fitzsimmons.
Baffert is the only other trainer to work with two Triple Crown winners, in 2015 and 2018 winners American Pharaoh and Justify.
Perhaps the most famous winner of the Kentucky Derby and the Triple Crown is Secretariat in 1973. Such was his legendary dominance that a feature film of the same name was released about his exploits in 2010.
|2018||Justify||Mike E. Smith||2:04.20|
|2017||Always Dreaming||John R. Velazquez||2:03.59|
|2015||American Pharoah||Victor Espinoza||2:03.02|
|2014||California Chrome||Victor Espinoza||2:03.66|
|2012||I'll Have Another||Mario Gutierrez||2:01.83|
|2011||Animal Kingdom||John Velazquez||2:02.04|
|2010||Super Saver||Calvin Borel||2:04.45|
|2009||Mine That Bird||Calvin Borel||2:02.66|
|2008||Big Brown||Kent Desormeaux||2:01.82|
|2007||Street Sense||Calvin Borel||2:02.17|
|2004||Smarty Jones||Stewart Elliot||2:04.06|
|2003||Funny Cide||José Santos||2:01.19|
|2002||War Emblem||Victor Espinoza||2:01.13|
|2000||Fusaichi Pegasus||Kent Desormeaux||2:01|
|1998||Real Quiet||Kent Desormeaux||2:02 1/5|
|1997||Silver Charm||Gary Stevens||2:02 2/5|
|1995||Thunder Gulch||Gary Stevens||2:01 1/5|
|1994||Go for a Gin||Chris McCarron||2:03 3/5|
|1993||Sea Hero||Jerry Bailey||2:02|
|1992||Lil E. Tee||Pat Day||2:03|
|1991||Strike the Gold||Chris Antley||2:03|
|1989||Sunday Silence||Patrick Valenzuela||2:05|
|1988||Winning Colors||Gary Stevens||2:02 1/5|
|1986||Ferdinand||William Shoemaker||2:02 4/5|
|1985||Spend a Buck||Angel Cordero, Jr.||2:00 1/5|
|1984||Swale||Laffit Pincay, Jr.||2:02 2/5|
|1983||Sunny's Halo||Eddie Delahoussaye||2:02 1/5|
|1982||Gato Del Sol||Eddie Delahoussaye||2:02 2/5|
|1981||Pleasant Colony||Jorge Velasquez||2:02|
|1980||Genuine Risk||Jacinto Vasquez||2:02|
|1979||Spectacular Bid||Ronnie Franklin||2:02 2/5|
|1978||Affirmed||Steve Cauthen||2:01 1/5|
|1977||Seattle Slew||Jean Cruguet||2:02 1/5|
|1976||Bold Forbes||Angel Cordero, Jr.||2:01 3/5|
|1975||Foolish Pleasure||Jacinto Vasquez||2:02|
|1974||Cannonade||Angel Cordero, Jr.||2:04|
|1973||Secretariat||Ron Turcotte||1:59 2/5|
|1973||Riva Ridge||Ron Turcotte||2:01 4/5|
|1971||Canonero II||Gustavo Avila||2:03 1/5|
|1970||Dust Commander||Mike Manganello||2:03 2/5|
|1969||Majestic Prince||William Hartack||2:01 4/5|
|1968||Forward Pass||Ismael Valenzuela||2:02 1/5|
|1967||Proud Clarion||Robert Ussery||2:00 3/5|
|1966||Kauai King||Don Brumfield||2:02|
|1965||Lucky Debonair||William Shoemaker||2:01 1/5|
|1964||Northern Dancer||William Hartack||2:00|
|1963||Chateaugay||Braulio Baeza||2:01 4/5|
|1962||Decidedly||William Hartack||2:00 2/5|
|1961||Carry Back||John Sellers||2:04|
|1960||Venetian Way||William Hartack||2:02 2/5|
|1959||Tomy Lee||William Shoemaker||2:02 1/5|
|1958||Tim Tam||Ismael Valenzuela||2:05|
|1957||Iron Liege||William Hartack||2:01 1/5|
|1956||Needles||David Erb||2:03 2/5|
|1955||Swaps||William Shoemaker||2:01 4/5|
|1953||Dark Star||Henry Moreno||2:02|
|1952||Hill Gail||Eddie Arcaro||2:01 3/5|
|1951||Count Turf||Conn McCreary||2:02 3/5|
|1950||Middleground||William Boland||2:01 3/5|
|1949||Ponder||Steve Brooks||2:04 1/5|
|1948||Citation||Eddie Arcaro||2:05 2/5|
|1947||Jet Pilot||Eric Guerin||2:06 4/5|
|1946||Assault||Warren Mehrtens||2:06 3/5|
|1945||Hoop Jr.||Eddie Arcaro||2:07|
|1943||Pensive||Conn McCreary||2:04 1/5|
|1942||Shut Out||Wayne D. Wright||2:04 2/5|
|1941||Whirlaway||Eddie Arcaro||2:01 2/5|
|1939||Johnstown||James Stout||2:03 2/5|
|1938||Lawrin||Eddie Arcaro||2:04 4/5|
|1937||War Admiral||Charle Kurtsinger||2:03 1/5|
|1936||Bold Venture||Ira Hanford||2:03 3/5|
|1933||Brokers Tip||Don Meade||2:06 4/5|
|1932||Burgoo King||Basil James||2:05 1/5|
|1931||Twenty Grand||Charle Kurtsinger||2:01 4/5|
|1930||Gallant Fox||Earl Sande||2:07 3/5|
|1929||Clyde Van Dusen||Linus McAtee||2:10 4/5|
|1928||Reigh Count||Charle Lang||2:10 2/5|
|1926||Bubbling Over||Albert Johnson||2:03 4/5|
|1925||Flying Ebone||Earl Sande||2:07 3/5|
|1924||Black Gold||John D. Mooney||2:05 1/5|
|1923||Zev||Earl Sande||2:05 2/5|
|1922||Morvich||Albert Johnson||2:04 3/5|
|1921||Behave Yourself||Charles Thompson||2:04 1/5|
|1920||Paul Jones||Ted Rice||2:09|
|1919||Sir Barton||John Loftus||2:09 4/5|
|1918||Exterminator||William Knapp||2:10 4/5|
|1917||Omar Khayyam||Charles||2:04 3/5|
|1916||George Smith||John Loftus||2:04|
|1914||Old Rosebud||John McCabe||2:03 2/5|
|1913||Donerail||Roscoe Goose||2:04 4/5|
|1912||Worth||Carroll Hugh Shilling||2:09 2/5|
|1910||Donau||George Ham||2:06 2/5|
|1909||Wintergreen||Vincent Powers||2:08 1/5|
|1908||Stone Street||Arthur Pickens||2:15 1/5|
|1907||Pink Street||Andy Minder||2:12 3/5|
|1906||Sir Huon||Roscoe Troxler||2:08 4/5|
|1905||Agile||Jack Martin||2:10 3/4|
|1904||Elwood||Frank Prior||2:08 1/2|
|1903||Judge Himes||Harold Booker||2:09|
|1902||Alan-a-Dale||Jimmy Winkfield||2:08 3/4|
|1901||His Eminence||Jimmy Winkfield||2:07 3/4|
|1900||Lieut. Gibson||Jimmy Boland||2:06 1/2|
|1897||Typhoon II||Buttons Garner||2:12 1/2|
|1896||Ben Brush||Willie Simms||2:07 3/4|
|1895||Helma||Soup Perkins||2:37 1/2|
|1893||Lookout||Eddie Kunze||2:39 1/4|
|1892||Azra||Alonzo Clayton||2:41 1/2|
|1891||Kingman||Isaac Murphy||2:52 1/4|
|1889||Spokane||Thomas Kiley||2:34 1/2|
|1888||Macbeth II||George Covington||2:38 1/4|
|1887||Montrose||Isaac Lewis||2:39 1/4|
|1886||Ben Ali||Paul Duffy||2:36 1/2|
|1885||Joe Cotton||Erkine Henderson||2:37 1/4|
|1884||Bechanan||Isaac Murphy||2:40 1/4|
|1882||Apollo||Babe Hurd||2:40 1/4|
|1880||Fonso||George Garret Lewis||2:37 1/2|
|1879||Lord Murphey||Charlie Shauer||2:37|
|1878||Day Star||Jimmy Carter||2:37 1/4|
|1875||Vagrant||Bobby Swim||2:38 1/4|
|1874||Aristrides||Oliver Lewis||2:37 3/4|
The road to the Kentucky Derby features a series of races that will competitively decide which 20 horses will take their place in the starting gates on that first Saturday in May.
The series starts with 19 races named the Kentucky Derby prep series, where the first four horses will earn 10, 4, 2 and 1 points for respectively finishing first, second, third and fourth, giving racing fans an early leaderboard in the road to the Kentucky Derby itself.
The championship series sees the action ramp up with a total of 16 races.
Seven races make up the first leg of the series, with 50 points awarded to the winners (20, 10 and 5 points for second, third and fourth finishes).
A further seven races make up the second leg of the series, these making up the major events with 100 points to the winners (40, 20 and 10 points for the second, third and fourth finishes).
Two more races make up wildcard events with 20 points to the winners (8, 4 and 2 points for the second, third and fourth finishes).
Here is a rundown of all the championship series races:
The Risen Star Stakes – An American thoroughbred horse race occurs annually in February at the Fair Grounds Race Course in New Orleans and is raced over a distance of 1 1/16 miles on the dirt. It is a Grade II event open to 3-year-old horses. The Risen Star Stakes currently offers a purse of $400,000.
The Fountain of Youth Stakes – The Fountain of Youth Stakes is an American thoroughbred horse race occurs annually at Gulfstream Park in Hallandale Beach, FL, in late February over a distance of 1 1/16 miles on the dirt. It is a Grade II event open to 3-year-old horses. It currently offers a purse of $400,000.
Gotham Stakes – An American thoroughbred horse race for occurs in early March at Aqueduct Racetrack in Queens, NY, over a distance of 1 1/16 miles on the dirt. It is a Grade III event open to 3-year-old horses. Gotham Stakes currently offers a purse of $400,000.
The Tampa Bay Derby – This American thoroughbred horse race is held in mid-March at Tampa Bay Downs in Florida over a distance of 1 1/16 miles on the dirt. The Tampa Bay Derby is a Grade II event open to 3-year-old horses. It currently offers a purse of $355,000.
The San Felipe Stakes – The San Felipe Stakes is an American thoroughbred horse race held in mid-March and runs annually at Santa Anita Park in Arcadia, CA, at a distance of 1 1/16 miles on dirt. This is a Grade II event open to 3-year-old horses. It currently offers a purse of $400,000.
The Rebel Stakes – An American Grade II thoroughbred horse race is held annually in March at Oaklawn Park racetrack in Hot Springs, AR. It is raced over a distance of 1 1⁄16 miles on dirt. The Rebel Stakes is a Grade II event open to 3-year-old horses. It currently offers a purse of $1,000,000.
The Sunland Derby – An American thoroughbred horse race held in March at Sunland Park Racetrack in Sunland Park, NM. It is raced over a distance of 1.125 miles on the dirt. The Sunland Derby is a Grade III event open to 3-year-old horses. It currently offers a purse of $800,000.
The Louisiana Derby – The Lousiana Derby is an American thoroughbred horse race held in late March at Fair Grounds Race Course. It is raced over a distance of 1.125 miles on the dirt. A Grade III event open to 3-year-old horses. It currently offers a purse of $1,000,000.
The UAE Derby – A thoroughbred horse race held on the last Saturday in March during the Dubai World Cup Night at Meydan Racecourse in Dubai. It is raced over a distance of 1900 m (approximate 1 1/16 miles) on the dirt. The UAE is a Grade II event open to 3-year-old horses. It currently offers a purse of $2,000,000.
The Florida Derby – An American thoroughbred horse race held five weeks before the Kentucky Derby at Gulfstream Park in Hallandale Beach, Fla. It is raced over a distance of 1.125 on the dirt. The Florida Derby is a Grade I event open to 3-year-old horses. It currently offers a purse of $1,100,000.
The Wood Memorial Stakes – An American thoroughbred horse race held annually in April at Aqueduct Racetrack in South Ozone Park, Queens, NY. It is raced over a distance of 1.125 miles on the dirt. The Wood Memorial Stakes is a Grade II event open to 3-year-old horses. It currently offers a purse of $1,000,000.
The Blue Grass Stakes – An American thoroughbred horse race held annually in April at Keeneland Racecourse in Lexington, KY. It is raced over a distance of 1.125 miles on the dirt. The Blue Grass Stakes is a Grade II event open to 3-year-old horses. It currently offers a purse of $1,000,000.
The Santa Anita Derby – An American thoroughbred horse race held annually in April at Santa Anita Park in Arcadia, CA, over a distance of 1.125 miles on the dirt. This is a Grade I event open to 3-year-old horses. It currently offers a purse of $1,000,000.
The Arkansas Derby – An American thoroughbred horse race held annually in April at Oaklawn Park in Hot Springs, AK, over a distance of 1.125 miles on the dirt. The Arkansas Derby is a Grade I event open to 3-year-old horses. It currently offers a purse of $1,000,000.
The Jeff Ruby Steaks – An American thoroughbred horse race held annually in late March at Turfway Park in Florence, KY, over a distance of 1.125 miles on the dirt. The Jeff Ruby Steaks is a Grade III event open to 3-year-old horses. It currently offers a purse of $200,000.
The Lexington Stakes – An American thoroughbred horse race held annually in April at Keeneland Racecourse over a distance of 1 1/16 miles on the dirt. This is a Grade III event open to 3-year-old horses. It currently offers a purse of $200,000.
As well as the “main road” to the Kentucky Derby, there are also opportunities for the leading four horses on a “European road” and one of the top four horses on the “Japan road,” too.
The idea for the Kentucky Derby came about in 1872 after Colonel Meriwether Lewis Clark Jr. (grandson of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition) visited Epsom in Surrey, England, where the Derby had been run since 1780. Also, in Paris, where the Grand Prix de Paris at Longchamp, France’s greatest race at the time was run.
On returning to Kentucky, Clark organized the Louisville Jockey Club with the purpose of raising funds to build a racing facility. The facility would be called Churchill Downs, named after John and Henry Churchill, who would provide the land.
The first race was run in 1875 more than 1.5 miles (the same distance as the Epsom Derby), with Aristides the first horse ever to pass the finishing line in the Kentucky Derby. The distance of the race bumped to 1.25 miles in 1896 and remains today.
Racing fans were able to listen to the race on their radios for the first time in 1925, while the first live television coverage of the race was in 1952. The year 1970 was notable, too, as Diane Crump became the first-ever female jockey to ride in the race.
In more than 100-year history of the race, a number of traditions have been established.
The University of Louisville marching band always plays My Old Kentucky Home to kick off the race.
Mint juleps have become a staple ever since, as the legend goes, when a famous Polish actress, Helena Modjeska, ordered the drink at a pre-Derby breakfast.
The winning horse gets to wear a beautiful blanket of 564 red roses. This tradition began after Meriwether Lewis Clark used them as decorations for a post-Derby party – hence the nickname “the Race for the Roses.”
The Kentucky Derby always runs on the first Saturday in May; this year it will occur May 4, 2019.
The race marks the end of the Kentucky Derby Festival, which takes place over two weeks in Louisville, KY. The fest includes a balloon race, a steamboat race, a huge firework display and a parade. The Kentucky Oaks takes place the previous day on May 3.
In recent history, the race sets the number of runners at 20. The first race saw 15 runners, with a varied number of starters throughout the history of the race.
The overall purse for the Kentucky Derby is $3 million, with the winning connections in the race landing the first prize of $1,860,000. This compares to the sum of $2,850 awarded to the inaugural winner in 1875.
In 2019, the Kentucky Derby will start at 6:50 pm EST, 12 of 14 races at Churchill Downs that day. The doors open at 8 am EST at Churchill Downs, allowing fans to enjoy the all-day experience.
General admission tickets for the Kentucky Derby go on sale online in November, starting at $60. As the date for the race nears, the tickets increase in price to $70-$75, while purchasing a ticket on the day of the race itself will cost $80.
Historically, the Kentucky Derby has lasted just a little more than two minutes, ever since the move to 1.25 miles in 1896, which attributes the nickname “the most exciting two minutes in sports.”
In the history of the Kentucky Derby, only two horses have ducked under the famed two-minute mark.
The first was Secretariat, who won the race in 1973 with a time of 1:59.04 seconds, the fastest running of the race. Monarchos romped home with a time of 1:59.97, breaking the two-minute mark in 2001.
Despite these fast-winning times, neither horse can claim the record margin of victory.
Four horses share the record-winning distance of 8 lengths:
Eddie Arcaro and Bill Hartack hold the joint most wins as jockeys, each crossing the line first on five occasions. Ben Jones is the most successful trainer in the history of the race with six successes.
Image credit:KElgazzar / cincinnati.com, CSpencer / miamiherald.com